Tβ 4 has been shown to play an important role in the protection, regeneration and remodeling of injured or damaged tissue. After injury, Tβ 4 is released from platelets and many other types of cells to protect the most damaged cells and tissues and to reduce inflammation and microbial growth.
The discovery of the role of Tβ4 in the process of immune regulation has led to its use as a valuable therapeutic agent. Tβ4 has been used in the treatment of HIV, AIDS, influenza, colds and various infections. It has been used in the management of various inflammatory conditions, as well as as part of treatment after a heart attack due to its cardio and neuroprotective effects.